Table of Contents
Cavoodle Breeder Education
Breeding Cavoodles can be an extremely rewarding and fulfilling family experience, have you ever been curious about How to Breed Cavoodles? The initial research phase requires learning about a range of topics to understand how to breed Cavoodles:
- Cavoodle health – including physical diseases and common behaviour problems associated with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Poodle.
- Cavoodle shedding & coat types.
- Genetics and the mode of inheritance for Cavoodle breed diseases and coat traits.
- Genetic diversity of bloodlines – ensuring that you’re not breeding inbred Cavoodles.
- Dog Breeding 101, finding a stud dog, timing the breeding, and caring for the pregnant and lactating dog.
- How to raise Cavoodle puppies – socialising, weaning, vaccinations, microchips, health checks, nutrition, toilet training, crate training etc.
- Finding the best homes for Cavoodle puppies and supporting puppy buyers for the life of the dog.
Breeding should only be done by or with the help of experienced and responsible breeders who are committed to producing healthy, well-socialised puppies. Anyone can breed two dogs together but if you want to produce teddy bear coated, quality Cavoodle puppies, you need to first understand How to Breed Cavoodles.
If you are considering breeding Cavoodles, here are the general steps involved:
- Research the breed and animal welfare codes of practice for your state: Before breeding Cavoodles, it’s important to research the breed thoroughly to understand their characteristics, health issues, and temperament. This will help you determine if breeding Cavoodles is right for you and your situation.
- Choose the right breeding dogs: When choosing Cavoodle breeding dogs, it’s important to select dogs that are healthy, have a good temperament, and meet the breed standards. Health testing should be done to ensure that both dogs do not carry any genetic health problems that could be passed down to their offspring. DNA testing can be done through a genetics laboratory such as Embark, Animal Genetics or Orivet. Embark and Animal Genetics offer the most comprehensive DNA testing for canine disease and coat traits. When breeding Cavoodles it’s important to understand how coat traits are inherited. Understanding furnishings, shedding and curl genes will help to minimise the amount of shedding that your puppies will inherit.
- Prepare for breeding: Before breeding, ensure that the dogs are up-to-date on their vaccinations, and flea & worming treatments and have a clean bill of health. The female dog should be in optimal physical condition and have regular veterinary checkups. Breeding dogs should be checked for luxating patellas, hip dysplasia, eye issues, temperament, and heart problems and dogs that are overly anxious should not be bred.
- Breeding and mating: When the female dog is in heat and has ovulated, the Cavoodle or Poodle stud dog can be introduced for mating. The timing of ovulation can be pinpointed using progesterone testing. Reproduction specialist vets offer progesterone testing and they can also assist with artificial insemination, TCI, and frozen and chilled semen if needed. During a natural mating, the breeding process must be supervised to ensure the safety and comfort of both dogs during the tie. The female should be given a comfortable and quiet space to rest after breeding.
- Cavoodle pregnancy and whelping: If breeding is successful, the female dog will become pregnant and give birth to a litter of puppies. Pregnancy can be detected on ultrasound as early as 28 days after insemination or mating. An X-ray can be carried out at 8 weeks of pregnancy, to accurately determine the number and size of the puppies. During pregnancy, the female dog will require extra care, including a healthy diet and regular veterinary checkups.
- Cavoodle puppy care and raising: Once the puppies are born, they will require round-the-clock care and socialisation. The puppies should be properly weaned, trained, groomed, socialised, vaccinated, and dewormed before they are ready to go to their new homes. Puppies must not leave the breeder’s home before 8 weeks of age.
When can you breed a Cavoodle?
Cavoodle females should be at least 12 months of age before they are bred. The NSW animal welfare code of practice states that females must not intentionally be bred on their first heat and should have no more than 2 litters of puppies in a 2 year period.
How to Breed Cavoodles – Cavoodle Breeding Crosses F1, F1b, F2
There are a few breeding options to consider when producing Cavoodle puppies. Generally speaking, first generation (F1 – Cavalier cross Poodle), F1B (F1 Cavoodle crossed with a Poodle) and F2B (F2 Cavoodle crossed with a Poodle) will be the lowest shedding. While second-generation Cavoodles (Cavoodle cross Cavoodle) will have the highest likelihood of shedding, with 25% of the puppies in a litter having short hair that sheds heavily like a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
Can you breed two Cavoodles? Finding a Stud Dog for Cavoodle Breeding
The best Cavoodle stud dogs will carry two furnishing genes. All first-generation Cavoodle studs carry only one furnishing gene and will produce some short-haired (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel type coats) puppies in their litters. Many Cavoodle breeders utilise Poodle stud dogs for their Cavoodle breeding. The best Poodle stud dogs will carry two copies of the furnishings gene and no improper coat genes. This ensures that all of their puppies are Teddy Bear Cavoodles with luscious non-shedding fleece and wool coats.
How to Breed Cavoodles – Conclusion
Breeding dogs is a complex and involved process that requires a significant amount of time, effort, and resources. If you are not an experienced breeder, it’s best to consult with a veterinarian or professional breeder before attempting to breed Cavoodles or any dog. The best Cavoodle breeders don’t simply put any two dogs together to breed. Ethical and responsible breeders are always learning about their breed, genetics, health testing, training, and behaviour and sourcing the best bloodlines for their breeding programs.
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